About Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)

The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak is ongoing with reported deaths from Liberia, Guinea, and Serria Leone. No cases have been reported in Canada since the outbreak began. While there continues to be no cases of Ebola in Newfoundland and Labrador, the Provincial Infection Control - Newfoundland and Labrador (PIC-NL) department has developed documents to provide infection prevention and control guidance to healthcare workers (HCWs) in the management of patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola Virus Disease (EVB).

EVD is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. The ebola virus can spread through:

  • contact with infected animals
  • contact with blood body fluids or tissues of infected persons
  • contact with medical equipment (such as needles) that are contaminated with infected body fluids.

The incubation period is 2 to 21 days, although 8 to 10 days is most common. Symptoms of EVD are similar to those of other viral haemorrhagic fevers, such as Marburg, and of infectious diseases like malaria or typhoid. Diagnosis can be difficult, especially if only a single case is involved. The public health risk for EVD in Canada is considered to be very low although risk is greater for Canadians who have participated in EVD response efforts in the affected African countries.

If you are sick and have travelled to any affected countries more informaiton can be accessed here: Have you travelled to or from Africa recently?

Information for Health Professionals

Families and the public