Newfoundland Health Care
Info Centre » About Seasonal Influenza
Seasonal influenza, or "the flu," is a serious respiratory infection of the airways and lungs that can spread easily from person to person. There are two types of influenza viruses that cause outbreaks each year: Influenza A and B. Even healthy people can get very sick from the flu and spread it to others. In Canada, thousands of people are hospitalized and die from influenza and its complications each year.
The flu and the common cold have similar symptoms with the flu being more severe.
Flu symptoms may include:
You can play a role in staying healthy and preventing the spread of influenza. To protect yourself and others from influenza, remember to Clean, Cover, and Contain and follow these simple steps:
Seasonal influenza is a serious respiratory infection of the airways and lungs, caused by the influenza virus and can be spread easily from person to person.
Seasonal Influenza (The Flu)
Occurs every year during the winter months
Affects 10 to 20 per cent of Canadians each year
Flu results in an average of 20,000 hospitalizations and 2,000 to 8,000 deaths in Canada each year.
Most people recover within a week or two.
Groups at Risk
Influenza vaccine is provided for all members of the public aged 6 months of age and older, with particular focus on people at high risk of influenza- related complications of hospitalization and people capable of spreading the flu to those at high risk. People at high risk of serious illness from influenza
The best protection against influenza is to get the flu shot every year and practice frequent hand washing or use hand sanitizer.
Anti-viral drugs are available for those most at risk of becoming seriously ill. Consult your healthcare provider to discuss these treatments.
How influenza is spread...
The influenza virus spreads through contact with droplets that have been coughed or sneezed by someone who has the flu. You can also get the flu by shaking hands with an infected person or by touching contaminated surfaces, and then touching your own eyes, nose or mouth.
Protecting yourself and others
The best way to prevent the flu is get the annual flu shot. In addition, protect yourself and others from influenza by practicing the three C's - Clean, Cover and Contain
These principles will help keep you healthy and prevent the spread of bacteria and viruses to other people.
Other things you can do to prevent the spread of seasonal influenza are:
When to seek medical attention
If symptoms worsen or if there are other health concerns, contact your healthcare provider or call the...
Newfoundland and Labrador Health Line - 811 or TTY - 1-888-709-3555 or visit the 811 Healthline website