Newfoundland Health Care
The Personal Health Information Act (PHIA) is a provincial law that governs the collection, use and disclosure of personal health information; including providing individuals with the right to access, or request correction to their own personal health information, subject to limited and specific exceptions set out in the Act.
PHIA recognizes that individuals expect their health information to be kept private and confidential and that it should not be collected, used or disclosed for purposes not related to their care or services, unless permitted or required by law. Personal health information is sometimes needed to manage health care systems, for health research and for other similar purposes. Law enforcement officials, health officials and others may also have a legitimate need to access personal health information, under limited and specific circumstances. PHIA balances an individual's right to privacy with the legitimate needs of persons and organizations that provide health care services to collect, use and disclose personal health information.